DAY 1: ARRIVAL
DAY 2: KHARKHORIN
DAY 3: ORKHON WATERFALLS
DAY 4 AND 5: BITUU RIVER
DAY 6 AND 7: KHUIS LAKE
DAY 8 AND 9: BARUUN AND TANCH RIVER
DAY 10: KHOGNO KHAN MOUNTAINS
DAY 11: DRIVE BACK TO ULAANBAATAR
DAY 12: DEPARTURE
OPTIONAL DAY: TOVKHON MONASTERY AND ORKHON WATER FALLS
OPTIONAL DAY: PRZEWALSKI'S HORSE AT HUSTAI NATIONAL PARK
OPTIONAL DAY: OGII LAKE AND THE TURKISH MONUMENTS
OPTIONAL DAY: TSENGER HOTWATER SPRINGS AND BATHS
The Khangai Mountains are a mountain range in central Mongolia, some 400 kilometres west of Ulaanbaatar.The tallest mountain is the Otgon Tenger Uul with it's summit at 4.020 m above sea level.
The mountains feed the river Orkhon, Selenge, Ideriin, Zavkhan and the lake Orog and Böön tsagaan. In the west the Khangai Mountains transition into the Great Lakes Depression.
Upon arrival at the airport we will be welcomed by our guide. He will bring us to our comfortable, centrally located hotel.
In the afternoon we will stroll around Ulaanbaatar. We will visit the Natural and the Historical Museums.
We will stop at the Gandantegchinlen Monastery. It is the largest and most important monastery of Mongolia. We will scroll through the different monasteries and see the magnificent statue of Migjid Janraisig, an 82-food high statue gilded in gold and covered with silk cloths.
After breakfast we will head for Kharkhorin (also called Karakorum), site of the 13th century capital of the Mongolian Empire created by Chinggis Khaan. Very little is left from this legendary city. In the 16th century, Mongolia's biggest Monastery was build from the ruins of Kharkhorin. Now Erdene Zuu Monastery are the remains of what once was a huge monastery of 100 temples and about 1.000 lamas residencing there.
We will explore the grounds of Erdene Zuu Monastery surrounded by its massive 400 m X 400 m walls. We will be guided around the 3 remaining temples: Dalai Lama, Zuu of Buddha and Lavrin Temple. We will also see the Turtle Rock and the Phallic Rock.
After having visited the area we will set off further westwards. In the evening we will meet our horsemen and our horses.
Being 1.40 meter high the horses are often taken by Europeans as ponies. Their height is deceiving; they are renowned for their strength, speed and dexterity.
We will put up our camp next to the wranglers' family ger. Our guide - translator will help us to forge contact with the local population.
(Ger Camp, B, L, D)
After our breakfast at the ger camp, we will set further westwards into to Orkhon valley where the Orkhon River flows. We will have our lunch at the Orkhon Waterfalls which cascades down a basalt canyon to a depth of 20 meters. After lunch we will reach or trekking starting point.
Here we will leave our vehicles behind and load our gear and food on pack horses. Later we will set off for a nine-day trekking in the mountainous area of the Khangai.
The Orkhon valley, in which we will walk, is surrounded by the foothills of the Khangai mountain range. Meadows and fir forests are prominent here. The Orkhon river valley is lined with the remains of an ancient lava flow.
On the way we will visit many gers and experience the nomadic life of Central Asia. Our translator will help us to forge contact with the local population.
(Tented Camp, B, L, D)
We will leave the Orkhon Waterfalls and trek stream upwards along the Bituu River until we go through a pass that leads us to the Eight Lakes valley. This totally remote area was created by volcanic activities. It is locked between several extinct volcanoes and high mountain peaks. As it name says, the valley shelters a large number of small lakes, all interconnected by rivers. The lakes are supplied with fresh water running from the mountains.
(Tented Camp, B, L, D)
The first lake we will reach is Khuis Lake. This lake is dotted with a large rock island. From there we will continue trekking to Shireet Lake. The largest of the eight lakes, Shireet Lake is the most picturesque.
(Tented Camp, B, L, D)
We will leave the Eight Lakes valley for the Baruun River. We will trek through a pass from where we’ll enjoy stunning views of the volcano craters and the picturesque eight lakes.
The Baruun River runs through a forested and rocky narrow valley, joining with the Tanch River from the left. Today we trek downhill, descending to the confluence of the two rivers, which is located along a canyon. This is a great spot for Grayling fishing. You will bear witness to awesome views of the lakes and volcanic craters. This is truly a sight the needs to be seen to be believed; it lies beyond the imagination.
(Tented Camp, B, L, D)
After a good rest will drive to Khogno Khan Mountains. Khogno Khan Mountains is an impressive massif in the open steppes. Not far from here runs the Tasarkhai Els, a 100 km long sand dune.
End the afternoon we will hike in the region of Khogno Khan Mountains, walk up the mountain and enjoy the incredible view over the plains, the sand dune and grasslands. We will also visit the nice little Uvgun Monastery.
(Ger Camp, B, L, D).
After breakfast at our ger camp we will leave this beautiful spot for Ulaanbaatar. In the afternoon we will have some free time to explore Ulaanbaatar and to shop for souvenirs.
(Hotel, B, D)
After breakfast, transfer to the airport for departure or connection to another tour.
Our next stop will be at Tuvhon Monastery, established during the 1650’s by Zanabazar, one of Mongolia’s most respected religious leaders. The monastery’s wooden buildings are integrated with a natural system of caves perched hear a hilltop, from which you have beautiful views of the Orkhon Valley and the surrounding pine forests. On the top of the cliff, a pile of stones to worship a god of this mountain forms a hill. It is called Ovoo.
In the Quaternary era a volcano erupted near the beginning of the Tsagaan Azarga or White Stallion River and the lava flowed down the Orkhon valley forming the 10 meter thick layer of basaltic rocks. The basaltic layer was crosscut by the Orkhon River continuously and the canyon was formed as a result.
At the beginning of this canyon lays the 20 meters high, 10 meter wide waterfall. The most adventures of you will climb down the canyon and swim the lake located at the food of the waterfall.
Tasarkhai), a 100 km long sand dune. Here you can ride a camel.
Przewalski's Horse (Equus ferus przewalskii, also known as the Takhi horses) is a rare and endangered subspecies of wild horse native to the steppes of central Asia. The Takhi became extinct in the middle of the 20th century. They then could only be found in the zoos. Special breeding programs increased their numbers. At one time extinct in the wild, it has been reintroduced to its native habitat in Mongolia at the Khustain Nuruu National Park, Takhin Tal Nature Reserve and Khomiin Tal. Khustai Nuruu National Park was declared reserve status (category III) for over 50,000 hectares of the Khustain Nuruu area in 1993 but after significant scientific field researches into the area it was upgraded to a national park in 1998. Khustai Nuruu National Park is located about 100 km southwest from Ulaanbaatar. It protects today Mongolian's Takhi wild horses. Today there are about 150 Takhi horses in Khustai. After arrival at the camp of the Khustai Nuruu National Park we will meet the staff of the park and be introduced to the project. In the afternoon we will explore the beauties of the Park by jeep, on food or on horseback.
After our breakfast we will head for Ogiin Lake, one of Mongolia's most beautiful lakes. On the way we will visit several historical places such as Khosho Tsaidam Monuments Khulitegenii Dorsal and Khar Balgas Citadel
The Khosho Tsaidam Monuments, located in the Tsaidam Valley Lake along the western part of the Orkhon River in Mongolia, are two memorial monuments associated with the Gök Türk Empire in the early 8th century. These are the Bilge Khan (683-734) and Kul-Tegin (684-731) memorials –commemorating a politician and his younger brother who was Commander in Chief of the armed forces. Bilge Khan was one of the most powerful emperors of the Göktürk Empire. His accomplishments are immortalized in the Orkhon inscriptions. There are two other smaller memorials and a fifth that has recently been revealed.
The principal monument (Khulitegenii Dorsal) is a flat stone of more than 3 meters high. The stone has 68 lines of Turkic runes, two dragons and the mountain goat, device of the Ashina clan. The stone honors Kul-Tegin (684-731), a military leader of the Turkic empire. The stone is part of a larger memorial complex, created the year of the death of Kul-Tegin. It includes statues and a temple of worship.
We will also pass Khar Balgas Citadel. This citadel was founded in 751 as the capital of the Uiighur khanate. It was destroyed by fire, approximately 100 years later during the invasion Kirghiz invaders. Today only fragments of the outer walls and the Buddhist stupa remain. It is now in a small museum close the place it originally stood.
This morning we will driving westward in the direction of Khangai Mountains. On average, the Khanggai mountains are 2500-3000 M above the sea level and are composed of mainly granite, intrusive chert and sandstone belonging to Paleozoic era. The Khanggai Mountains is about 800 km long, ranging from Zavkhan province territory to Tuv province. They function as the continental divide of the world water system.
The green mountainsides and the network of smaller and larger rivers offer excellent pastureland for the herds of horses, yaks and cows.
In the afternoon we will reach Tsenkher hot spring resort. This resort has a large open-air pool at its customer's disposal. The hot water of the pool flows continuously in from the hot water spring. At the spring, the temperature of the water is over 80 ° C. A complex pipelines system regulates the water temperature. Some will spend hours sitting in the pool talking to their friends while staring at the stars or scanning the nightly nature around them.